Upgrading and Refining
Saskatchewan is home to the following facilities:
- Husky Energy's Lloydminster upgrader converts heavy oil from Saskatchewan and northeastern Alberta to synthetic oil. It has the capacity to produce 75,000 barrels per day. The upgrader also produces diesel fuel.
- Husky Energy's Lloydminster asphalt refinery produces 28,900 barrels per day from heavy oil.
- The Coop Refinery Complex in Regina refines heavy oil into petroleum and supplies 130,000 barrels a day to Western Canadian fuel markets. It also upgrades heavy oil.
- Gibson's Moose Jaw Refinery produces asphalt for roads and roofing and is capable of processing 19,000 barrels of Western-Canadian-produced oil per day.
The 2017-18 provincial budget introduced an Oil Processing Investment Incentive that will give royalty credits to new oil processing projects with a total output of less than 60,000 barrel per day.
Dominion Energy Processing Group Inc. is currently advancing a propsal for a 40,000 barrel per day refinery at Stoughton, Saskatchewan.
spotlight on Co-op Refinery Complex (CRC)
Dr. Sean Tucker (Faculty of Business Administration, UofR) has been studying occupational health and safety at CRC in Regina. In this presentation he provides the following summary:
Co-op Refinery Complex safety record 2006-2015:
- 2 fatalities
- 52 injured workers
- 2 explosions
- 2 fires
- 2 leaks
The total reported cost of these incidents is $184+ million
Refining and Upgrading Impacts
The refining and upgrading of oil requires a tremendous amount of water and energy and produces a significant amount of air pollution and greenhouse gases.
In 2013 Regina's Co-op Refinery Complex emitted 4,229 tonnes of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) 10 times more than the other 17 Canadian refineries on average. Three oil sands refineries were the only larger industrial emitters of VOCs in Canada with Syncrude Canada Ltd. producing 8,291 tonnes, Suncor Energy Oil Sands producing 6,768 tonnes, and CNRL's Horizon Oil Sands producing 4,328.